8 Reasons You Could Be Infertile

8 Reasons You Could Be Infertile
November 27 07:36 2016

Getting pregnant is one of life’s most magical things; it’s even more magical when you try to imagine how it happens. From the time the sperm is released and it travels all the way to the fallopian tubes to meet with the egg, and the two combine to form what would eventually grow to be your baby. It is beautiful really and most women dream about the moment they will carry their first child. However, for pregnancy to occur, a lot of things have to work perfectly in sync otherwise conceiving will happen. Any slight changes in the reproduction organs, hormones and processes can lead to infertility. This article will look at some of the most common reasons why you could be infertile.

 

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (POS)

The leading cause on infertility is a condition called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a result of imbalance of hormonal levels. Imbalanced hormones allows for the formation of small cysts on the ovaries. The small cysts multiple and increase in numbers with time. At first the cysts can be located on just one of the ovaries before moving to occupy the other. Some women have cysts developing on both their ovaries from the word go.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is suspected in women who have irregular periods and show abnormal hormonal quantities including resistance to insulin. Because these announcing signs are very similar to other gynecologic conditions, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome tends to go undiagnosed in many women only to be noticed later when conceiving is now a problem.

At present, the condition has no known cure except for management methods like resection of the ovaries, hormone therapy and controlled life habits like weight and smoking.

 

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  1. Inhibited ovulation

It is fairly easy to understand why the inhibition of the ovaries could lead to infertility. Inhibited ovaries means there are no ovules or eggs released for the sperm to fertilize. The cause of this inhibition is linked to hormones, particularly the hormones controlled by the hypothalamus gland.

The hormonal dysfunction and imbalance often leads to perturbation in ovulation. This ovulation problem can be banal or fatal to the extent that the ovaries are no longer producing eggs or releasing them. The Polycystic Ovary Syndrome discussed above can also causes infertility through this very same manner.

The pituitary gland is responsible for producing two very important reproduction hormones: The Follicle Stimulating Hormone  (FSH) and The Luteinizing Hormone (LH). When the gland malfunctions, the production of these hormones and their levels in the blood stream is disturbed. A disturbance in these hormones has direct consequences in ovulation and hence causing infertility to occur. There are also other factors like excessive body weight and stress that can affect the quantity of these hormones in the blood stream. Disruptions in the production of the hormones FSH and LH can be noticed through irregular or missing periods.

Sometimes when the pituitary gland is over stimulated due to various reasons like a tumor, it can cause excessive production of a hormone called prolactin. When prolactin is present in higher than normal quantities in the blood stream a negative feedback is initiated to reduce the production of estrogen. Reduced estrogen inhibits the ovaries there by causing infertility.

Also, the ovary tissues can be attacked and destroyed by auto immunologic responses. Such destruction of ovarian tissue renders the ovaries incapable of producing eggs and maintaining pregnancy.

Inhibited ovaries can be treated depending on the cause. Ovulation inducing have proved to be useful in disorders that are caused by hormonal imbalances and disruptions.

 

  1. Infertility due to problems with the fallopian tubes

It can happen that the fallopian tubes become blocked due to injuries, growth and other things. When the fallopian tubes are blocked, passage of the eggs and sperm is halted preventing the occurrence of fertilization. The most common causes of blocked fallopian tubes are surgery and PID.

The good news is that with blocked fallopian tubes, In vitro fertilization can be used as a solution to infertility.

 

  1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition whereby uterus tissue grows outside of the uterus. It can be in the uterus walls or in the peritonea. When this tissue is removed there can be scarring which can affect movement of the ovum, sperm and even prevent implantation from occurring. Chromic pain in the womb region is usually the main sign leading to investigating for endometriosis.

 

  1. Cervical causes of infertility

In order for fertilization to occur, sperm needs to travel to the egg via the cervix. The cervical opening can become clogged by cervical mucus. The balance of the hormones progesterone and estrogen manages the secretion of cervical mucus, its quantity and consistency. Thick cervical mucus will clog up the cervical opening and prevent sperm from passing through.

A condition known as cervical stenosis may also cause the cervix to become narrow and prevent the movement of sperm into the uterus.

Cervical causes of infertility can be treated by surgery or by correcting hormonal balance.

 

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  1. Infertility caused by Uterus abnormalities and malformations

Any abnormalities in the uterus can prevent implantation of the embryo or disrupt pregnancy. Things like polyps, tumors and other malformations of the uterus are benign but very efficient in disturbing the natural process of pregnancy. However, some women are able to conceive even with these abnormalities in their respective uteruses.

 

  1. Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to infertility if not treated and managed early. These infections can affect the fallopian tubes and cause scarring to occur. As discussed above, scarred fallopian tubes can become blocked and hence cause infertility.

 

  1. Unexplained causes of infertility

5% to 10% of couples that are failing to conceive usually fail to find out the root of the problem. Even after testing and investigating for the above-mentioned causes, it is possible not to find out the primary cause of infertility. In such cases other methods of getting pregnant maybe discussed and attempted, half the time these methods will lead to the couple conceiving. When caught early, these infections can be easily treated and secondary effects like infertility avoided.

 

Depending on the cause of infertility, some techniques like artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization and hormone therapy may be useful in getting pregnant. Remember, when you are having problems conceiving you should go and consult your health practitioner as a couple so both of you can get tested together. The more information a fertility specialist has concerning the both of you as a couple, the better he or she will be able to investigate and point out the root of the problem.

 

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