Chlamydia from kissing. Understanding Chlamydia.

Chlamydia from kissing. Understanding Chlamydia.
October 12 08:47 2016

One of the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) is chlamydia. Chlamydia is even more common among teenagers and college kids which have led to the development of a myth that the infection can be transmitted by kissing an infected person. Such uncertainties can make it uneasy for someone to make certain choices including sexual lifestyles. But is it just a myth or it’s true? Can you get chlamidia from kissing?

Since kissing is regarded as a sexual act that happens between two or more people who are sexually attracted to each other or with the goal to arouse the other, many people believe that some sexually transmitted infections can be passed on by kissing, including the disease Chlamydia. This myth is not really true, it is extremely unlikely that chlamydia can be passed on or contracted from kissing and there is a reason why. In order to understand you need to know what exactly chlamydia is.

 

Understanding Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common infection linked to sex, it is caused by a bacteria called chlamydia trichomatis. The causing agent chlamydia trichomatis proliferates and lives in sChlamydia2emen and vaginal fluid, making the disease transmissible and infective both to men and women. Because the bacteria is mostly found in the genital fluids, it is passed on from one person to another through unprotected sexual activities that involve the exchange of the genital fluids.

 

 

How do you know you have chlamydia?

70% of the time chlamydia will not present any symptoms in infected people. In those that do present with the symptoms, it is usually several weeks after being infected that the symptoms manifest.

In women:

Chlamydia symptoms in women include

  • vaginal discharge that may have an unpleasant odor
  • burning sensation when urinating
  • abnormal bleeding between periods
  • Pain during periods
  • Abdominal pain with fever
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Itching in or around the vagina

In men:

Men infected with chlamydia experience discharge from the penis, burning sensation when urinating, pain and swelling of the testicles. It can be one or both testicles. Other symptoms in men include:

  • Burning and itching around the opening of the penis
  • Fever accompanied by inflamed testicles

 

In as much as these symptoms can lead you to consult a doctor, the final diagnosis of chlamydia extends past clinical signs. A swab from the urethra in men and from the cervix in women is required so the bacteria can be identified in the lab. Some urine-based tests exist as well to help confirm the diagnosis of chlamydia early and act to prevent complications.

 

How is chlamydia transmitted?Chlamydia3

From the above information it is clear that in the majority of cases, chlamydia is transmitted from one individual to another through exchange and contact with genital fluids. These fluids can be exchanged through various unprotected sexual acts namely traditional sexual intercourse without a condom, rubbing together of genital organs, oral sex and anal sex. The bacteria can also be passed on through sharing of sex toys like vibrators during a sexual act. There are no documented cases of the disease being transmitted through kissing or exchange of salivary fluids. However, some studies are being performed to effectively put the matter to rest.

 

Apart from unprotected sexual acts, a pregnant woman can pass on the disease and infect their unborn baby during the pregnancy or during vaginal birth.

 

Complications of chlamydia

Generally, chlymidia can be treated and managed easily. However, if chlamydia is not treated or treatment is delayed, it can spread and cause potentially serious problems.

Complications in men

  • Inflammation of the testicles

Men who delay treating chlamydia risk the infection spreading over to the testicles and to the canal that carries sperm from the testicles known as epididymis. This spreading of the infection causes painful and swollen testicles, a condition known as epididymitis. If the testicular chlamydia goes untreated or if treatment is delayed there is a possibility of infertility.

  • Reactive arthritis

Chlamydia is one of the most common causes of sexually acquired reactive arthritis (SARA). This is a condition where the joints, eyes and or urethra becomes inflamed, usually within the first few weeks after having chlamydia. The condition is common in men but can also affect women who have had chlamydia. Unfortunately, there is no way of curing SARA but it can be managed by using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen. These drugs only relieve the symptoms and make it possible to live with the condition

 

Complications in women

 

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Women are always at a risk of chlamydia can spreading up from the vagina to the womb, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. When this happens, the pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) develops leading to some serious problems and risks like:

– Difficulty in conceiving

– Infertility

– Persistent pelvic pain

– increased risks of ectopic pregnancy

Women with PID generally experience similar symptoms to that of chlamydia, including discomfort during sex, pain during urination, and bleeding outside of periods and during sexual intercourse and its related acts. When treated early and correctly, the chances of experiencing problems such as infertility are reduced.

 

  • Pregnancy complications

Women with chlamidya should be treated immediately especially if they are pregnant or looking to get pregnant. There is a high chance of passing the infection to the baby leading to the development of conjunctivitis and pneumonia in the newly born child. A child born with symptoms of these conditions or who develops them in the days after birth should be tested for chlamydia and treatment by antibiotics started as soon as possible.

Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy also increases the risk of premature birth, babies born with low birth weight, miscarriages, and stillbirths.

 

Other body parts affected by chlamydia

In as much as chlamydia affects principally the sex and reproductive organs, there are some cases that lead to the bacteria finding its way to other body parts namely the rectum, throat, and eyes

  • the rectum

Chlamydia in the rectum comes by and manifests when you have unprotected anal sex. The signs of rectal infection include discomfort in the rectum and discharge from your rectum.

  • the throat

Oral sex can lead to infection of the throat by the chlamydia bacteria. However, this form of chlamydia is not very common and goes unnoticed as it does not present with any form of noticeable symptoms.

  • the eyes

Sometimes semen and vaginal fluids can come into contact with the eyes. Most of the times it’s through rubbing the eyes with hands that have been in contact with infected genital fluids. This causes a condition known as conjunctivitis that manifests through the red eye, pain, and discharge.

This form of chlamydia can eventually lead to blindness if untreated.

 

How to Prevent a Chlamydia Infection

Infections such as chlamydia can easily be prevented. To prevent and reduce risks being infected with chlamydia:

  • Have protected sex always through the use of condoms
  • Limit the number of sex partners and get tested with your partner frequently
  • Engage in sexual abstinence or limit sexual contact to one uninfected partner
  • Avoid sexual contact with an individual who is suspected of having an infection until a doctor has been seen

 

To effectively prevent the spreading of the infection, any genital symptoms linked to chlamydia such as discharge or burning during urination or should lead to an immediate suspension of sex and its related activities until a doctor is consulted. If chlamydia is confirmed treatment by antibiotics should begin immediately and recent sex partners notified so they can be tested and seek treatment too.

Since chlamydia often occurs without symptoms, people who are infected can unknowingly infect their sex partners. That is why it is important to always engage in protected sex and notifying concerned partners once an infection by chlamydia is diagnosed.

 

 

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