Cramping after Ovulation

Cramping after Ovulation
October 04 13:48 2016

Every woman who is in the age of procreation undergoes a monthly menstrual cycle that stops when they get pregnant then recommence again after childbirth. During the cycle, there are many changes that happen to the body and cause a manifestation of outward symptoms. Usually, women talk and discuss a lot of issues concerning this topic but it seems a lot of women are confused and have questions concerning getting cramps after ovulation. The most normal or rather most common phenomenon is getting cramps just before or during periods. It’s quite unusual to get cramps after ovulation and so it has caused many women to ask what it means, is it normal? Is it a symptom of pregnancy?

The majority of women who experience cramping after ovulation and eventually ask questions about it are the ladies who are trying to conceive and those who just had intercourse around the ovulation period, could it be related to that? Read on to find out.

We will look into these questions and shade more light on this subject. In order to do so, we need to make sure all ladies out there understand what cramping after ovulation is, what causes it and what it means.

How do you feel when you are cramping?

Cramping is the pain felt in the lower abdomen, it usually migrates to the legs and the back. This pain can be mild, moderate or severe. Women usually get this back pain just before or during their menstrual periods. Some women meet the painful periods after ovulating, in this case, the pain is felt on the side associated with the ovary which released the egg during that particular cycle. The duration of the pain varies from one individual to another, ranging from a few minutes to 48hrs.

What is Cramping after Ovulation?

Procreative women, these are women who are in the reproductive age zone, go through the process of ovulation as part of the menstrual cycle. Between days 12 to 14 of the menstrual cycle, one of the ovaries releases an egg into the fallopian tube in preparation for fertilization, this process is called ovulation. The egg then waits for fertilization by sperm, the waiting period is about 24hrs, if fertilization does not occur the egg disintegrates and the same process happens again in the next cycle. Ovulation will occur from the first menstrual cycle right up until menopause, stopping only when you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Gynecologists say that cramping after ovulating is a normal experience although some women might not experience it at all. Generally, this cramping is not a serious concern unless the pain is extreme and unsupportable in which case medical attention should be sought.

What does cramping mean in women?

The first kind of cramping associated with women if the period pain associated with the breaking down of the uterus lining tissue whenever fertilization does not occuOvulation painr. This breaking down of the uterus lining caused the release of chemical substances called prostaglandins which initiate the contraction of the uterus in order constrict blood vessels and stop bleeding. During this time some inflammatory agents are also reduced into the blood stream. This whole event is what causes premenstrual pain.

Cramping after ovulation is slightly different to the above described cramps. Post ovulation pain is considered a symptom of pregnancy and often leads to pregnancy tests. In gynecology cramping after ovulation is called implantation pain which is very common during the early stages of pregnancy. So to answer one of those questions we mention earlier on, cramps after ovulation could mean you are pregnant. The gravity of the pain and its duration differs from one woman to another depending on the implantation process.

After fertilization, the now fertilized egg migrates from the fallopian tube toward the uterus where it will implant. It is this movement and the implantation process that causes the cramps. The implantation related pain is brief and rarely lasts more than 2 days.

Cramping after ovulation if the woman is pregnant is the result of the uterine changes described above. The growing uterine wall is putting pressure in the abdomen that results to aching pain and abdominal cramping.

So it is normal for cramping to occur during after ovulation and when you are pregnant. Cramping should be bearable and short, it at any point it becomes intense or stretches too long, then medical attention should be sought without delay.

 

Post ovulation cramping timeline

  • Cramping that occurs 2 days after ovulation

This is the pain due to the fertilized egg attaching itself to the uterine lining. During this stage, the female body will experience sudden hormonal changes that cause uterus contraction which is the reason for cramping.

  • Cramping that occurs 3 days after ovulation

This cramping is not different from the cramping during the ovulation period

  • Cramping that occurs 4 days after ovulation

The location of this cramping is distinct, it is felt in the pelvic region and is described by most women as an itch.

  • Cramping that occurs 5 days after ovulation

It also occurs in the pelvic region but it is accompanied by soreness of the breasts and sometimes a yellowish discharge from the cervix.

 

Other Causes for Cramping After Ovulation

From the information above, it is clear that cramping after ovulation is caused by uterine contractions which can be experienced by both pregnant and non-pregnant women. Post ovulation cramping in pregnant women is easy to understand. In non-pregnant women, the post-ovulation cramping can be due to an emerging follicle or a ruptured follicle. It may also be a symptom of some medical conditions namely:

  • Endometriosis

This is a condition whereby the endometrium grows outside the womb into another location like the bowels and the peritonea. This is a medical condition that must be treated by a physician. If you experience post ovulation cramps but the pregnancy test is negative you should go consult with your doctor.

  • Chronic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This is a sexually transmitted disease that affects the pelvic organs in women. The uterus, ovaries, cervix and fallopian tube are all infected leading to the pain. Consultation is of paramount importance if this disease is suspected.

  • Salpingitis

Salpingitis is the infection and inflammation of the fallopian tubes. Lower abdominal pain is one of the principal symptoms of this affection. If you experience post ovulation cramps but the pregnancy test is negative you should go consult with your doctor.

  • Mucus Congestion

After ovulation, the congestion of mucus inhibits proper excretions which will lead to the swelling of the fallopian tube thereby causing abdominal cramping.

  • Ovarian Cysts

Another common cause of post ovulation cramping in non-pregnant women is ovarian cysts. The cysts are located in or around the surface of an ovary. The large cysts are the ones responsible for the back pain and lower abdominal pain.

  • Irritation

When the egg is released, blood and fluids can cause an irritation of the abdominal lining, resulting in abdominal pain perceived as cramps.

  • Bruising caused during ovulation when the ovarian wall ruptures also result in cramping
  • Fallopian tube muscle contractions

When an egg is released into the fallopian tube, the fallopian tube muscles with contract in an effort to move along the egg towards the uterus. This movement and contraction causes a discomfort that can be described as cramping.

 

So there you have it, cramps after ovulation are normal and can be experienced by any women in the age of reproduction. It can mean pregnancy, translating the process of implantation of a fertilized egg into the uterine. If a repeated pregnancy test comes back negative then other causes of the pain should be explored namely endometriosis, ovarian cyst, and salpingitis among others.

 

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