Cramps after sex – why?

Cramps after sex – why?
November 02 16:20 2016

In women’s health, cramps are one of the most common causes of concern be it before periods, during periods, during pregnancy and after sex. It is very rare to meet a woman who has never experienced cramps that is why it such an important subject to discuss and put out there. One of the most worry some types of cramps in women are the cramps that come after sex. These type of cramps cause many women to dislike or even shy away from sexual activities, which tends to affect their love lives. It is important to understand why this happens so you can apply the perfect solution to your condition. If you are one of those women who are getting cramps after engaging in sexual activities then this article will prove very informative and helpful to you.


What are cramps?

Cramping is defined as a sudden and involuntary muscular contraction or spasm that causes pain or discomfort. When referring to cramps in women, it is mostly the contraction of the uterus and or lower abdomen. It is the uterine cramping that causes pain in the abdomen, which has a tendency of radiating towards the thighs and lower back. There are many reasons why a woman might experience cramping with causes ranging from normal to concerning conditions that must be investigated.


Why cramping during and or after sex is an issue?

Well, any woman who has experienced cramping that is related to sex will tell you that it affects your sex life. No one wants to feel any pain doing something that is supposed to be enjoyable as sex. If you keep getting cramps after sex chances are very high that you will start dreading being intimate with your partner, the feeling will make you anxious and lead you to disliking sexual intercourse instead of enjoying it. This is without any doubt can cause problems with your relationships, which is why many women are concerned about it.

Sometimes cramping can be an early sign that there is a problem somewhere in the female reproductive system, which is why it is important to get checked out, early whenever you present with constant cramping. Rest assured however that cramping during sex is relatively common in women and we will address some of the possible causes of the cramping that is related to sex.


What causes cramps after sex?

There are many things that can cause women to experience cramping after sex. Some of the causes are benign while some could be potentially serious. Most of the serious causes tend to come with other related symptoms.


  • Endometriosis

Endometriosis often causes cramping or abdominal pain associated with sex. This is a condition that occurs when part of the uterus wall or tissue grows outside of the uterus, this could be in the abdomen, peritonea or the pelvic region. Since this growth is made from tissue that directly resembles the uterus it will behave the same way the uterus behaves, it will thicken and disintegrate with your periods causing some kind of excess bleeding. The blood will get trapped somewhere in the neighboring region and fail to escape, the body will try to expel the blood through some contractions which are translated as cramping or abdominal pain. Depending on where the growth is located, sexual intercourse can stimulate further contractions, which make for the cramping after sex that we are talking about.

Endometriosis usually comes with other signs that include:

  • Menstrual cramps.
  • Painful bowel movements.
  • Painful urination
  • Abnormal or heavy bleeding during periods
  • Difficulty becoming pregnant


  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Women with pelvic inflammatory disease are also susceptible to experience cramping after sex. There are many causes of pelvic inflammatory disease most of which are sexually transmitted like chlamydia and gonorrhea. When pelvic inflammatory disease occurs, the fallopian tubes and uterus become inflamed, which can cause pain during and after sex when the sex movement and or the penis itself stimulate the organs.


Like endometriosis, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease comes with other related symptoms that can help you orient and get a better idea on the cause of your cramping. These include:

  • Dull pain in the lower abdominal area
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge that is yellow or green in color
  • Odor of the vaginal discharge
  • Painful urination
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting


  • Fibroids and Cysts

Fibroids and cysts are very common in women. These are benign and non-cancerous tumors that form in the female reproductive system particularly in the uterus and ovaries. Cysts tend to form more on the ovaries while fibroids are mostly formed on the uterus. Both of these conditions can cause pain and cramping after sex. Fibroids can also cause heavy bleeding during periods. When a cyst ruptures usually there is severe and unbearable cramping, which is easy to identify. The sensibilization of the cervix and the uterus during sex can cause these tumors to react, which results in the cramping especially if the cysts rupture. Fibroids and cysts are the most common causes of cramping after sex. They are not dangerous but they still need to be checked out and be removed by a doctor. Removing the tumors provides a welcome relief from the cramping and abdominal pain related to sex.


  • Orgasms

For some women, orgasms can cause severe cramping in the lower abdominal area. This cramping varies in duration; in some women it lasts just a few minutes while in some it can go on for hours. The cramping is due to endormophins released into the blood stream during an orgasm, these endormophins cause the uterus to contract and as such can be disturbing to some women.


  • Deep Penetration

The majority of women who experience cramping after sex are often victims of an over stimulated and irritated cervix due to deep penetration. If the cervix is hit hard and repeatedly during sex it can cause the muscles to contract, which causes the cramping. This can be easily prevented by careful penetration and changing positions during sex.

Some women have a titled uterus, which makes the cervix even more exposed to being hit during sex. This can also be easily prevented by different positions during sex.


  • Early Pregnancy

It is common for women to experience cramping after sex in the early stages of pregnancy. During pregnancy it is normal to experience some mild uterus contractions that feel like menstrual contractions. Sex can stimulate the cervix causing these contractions to become more pronounced and noticeable. If the cramping keep going on and you have confirmed pregnancy, it is best to consult with a doctor to make sure there is no problem with the pregnancy.


  • Ovulation

Some women will experience cramping during ovulation when the egg is released from the ovary. The cramping is usually located on the side of the ovary that just released the egg. The cramping can continue as the egg moves along the fallopian tube. It is very rare for this kind of cramping to be caused by sex but possible if an orgasm is involved.


  • Pre-menopause and Menopause

Women who are entering menopause or who are already in menopause can experience pain during and after sex. This is because of the change in hormone levels, which also affects the physiology of the reproductive system. The cramping closely resembles that of menstrual cramping but is caused by lower levels of reproductive hormones in the body.


  • Cervical Stenosis

This medical condition occurs when the cervix is so narrow that blood flow is restricted. As such excess stimulating of this kind of cervix can essentially cause some cramping and pain to occur.

For most women, cramping after sex is nothing to be concerned about, especially if it happens just once in a while. However, if you are experiencing cramps after sex each time you and your partner engage in sexual intercourse you should see a doctor to see what exactly is causing the cramping.



  • Less frequent but Severe Cramping after sex

There are some situations that can cause rare but severe cramping and abdominal pain after sex. Vaginal injuries, dryness, rough sex and other traumas can cause bad and disagreeable cases of cramping. The cramping that results from these causes is often unique and rare. Such situations arise when a partner is ready for penetration, but a woman is not yet fully aroused. The best way to prevent such cramping is by engaging in sufficient foreplay before penetration, in case of vaginal dryness there are some artificial lubrication that can be used during sex.


  • Cramping in the Middle of the Cycle during sex

Sudden cramps, which are felt during and after sex in the middle of the menstrual cycle along with other symptoms such as bloating and rectal pressure, can be a sign of ovarian apoplexy in the period of ovulation. This is generally a very dangerous condition as it can bleed internally as such it should be treated as a form of emergency.


  • Cramping during period delay

Another cramping that occurs after sex that should be treated with extreme urgency is the sharp spastic cramp that comes after sex, occurring during the period delay. Heavy bleeding, dizziness, and sometimes loss of consciousness usually accompany this cramping. It may a sign of an ectopic pregnancy or termination of a pregnancy and should be treated urgently.


  • Cramping After First Sex

Women having sex for the very first time can experience abdominal pain and cramping. Some can experience a condition called vaginismus, which is a sharp tingling pain and burning sensation during sex after breaking virginity.



Dealing With Cramping

So you now know the common causes of cramping during and after sex, however banal the cramping’s maybe they can be discomforting to some women and cause them to be anxious about having sex, which itself can lead to some relationship problems. For the cramping’s that threaten your health you should immediately consult a medical health person and get checked out without delay.

However, there are some ways to manage the cramping so they can be reduced or stopped during sex.


  • Changing sex positions

The majority of sex related cramps could be solved and prevented by changing sex positions. Every person is different, experiment with different position and find one that will not cause you any pain and or cramps. Most people claim that penetration from the back is the best way to avoid sex related cramping but then again people are different, what works for you might not work for another person and vice versa.


  • Prolonged foreplay

Prolonged foreplay causes a woman to be highly aroused which provides adequate vaginal lubrication for penetration to occur without dealing any damage to the vagina.


  • Gentle movements during sex

Another way to effectively prevent cramping after sex is to limit vigorous movement during sex. This technique can also be used to stop a pending cramping occurring during sex, both you and your partner can stop moving for a minute or two until the cramp is avoided. Of the cramp has already started you can try standing up and flexing your abdomen for immediate relief.


  • Abdominal massages

Cramping that happens as a result of uterus issues is difficult to manage, the most effective way of immediate relief is massaging the abdomen. Your partner can do this for you as part of foreplay or after play to clam the cramps and ease the pain.


  • Shallow penetration

Cramps that result from an over stimulated cervix can be easily avoided by shallow penetration during sex. You can discuss with your partner and tell them to limit the penetration. They can go in but make sure not to hit the cervix during sex.


  • Dietary changes and adjustments

Since cramping is muscle contraction, it can be controlled by dietary adjustments. Eating food with high potassium content can help reduce the cramping.


  • Hormonal supplements

This solution applies only to women who are feeling pain after sex due to hormonal imbalance, the groups of women mainly concerned are those affected by pre-menopause and menopause.


  • Antispasmodic medication

For some women, taking anti-spasm medication has effectively reduced the cramps after sex. This is only a temporary solution as the underlying cause of the cramping should be investigated and treated.


  • Medical Help

If your cramping persists then you should consider seeking medical advice. There are many possible medical causes of cramping during sex in the abdominal region. A doctor can figure out the underlying cause of your cramping and treat it thereby allowing you to return to your normal sex life.




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