Taking charge of your fertility

Taking charge of your fertility
October 02 08:16 2016 image: resteqio.ru

What does fertility mean?

Fertility in women is something that comes naturally, or at least most of the time. Very few women worry about their fertility state until the time they try to get pregnant or avoid getting pregnant. The thing is most women out there do not really pay attention to their fertility until they really have to, whereas knowing such vital information about a woman’s body could be very useful to both parties that are trying to conceive and the ones who are avoiding it.

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, only 12% of women have trouble conceiving, meaning that 88% will fall pregnant naturally. So if you are a lady who is looking to know more about the fertility cycle, for whatever reason then this article will serve you well.

Taking charge of your fertility

In order to understand your body better and the science of conceiving, it is important that you understand the meaning of being fertile. Being fertile is the ability to get pregnant and give birth to children through the act of sexual intercourse. At this stage it is called natural, there is no form of assistance in conceiving whatsoever.

In as much as women are the first to be checked in a couple that’s struggling with getting pregnant and maintaining the pregnancy to term, there are many other different factors that can affect fertility. For example, men need to be producing live and healthy sperm to fertilize the egg and women need to produce these eggs. So as you can see, in order for this natural phenomenon to happen, everything needs to be in perfect order and sync.

It all begins by understanding the biology of fertility in women, which is what you are going to learn in the next few minutes, don’t worry it’s not all science, in fact, it’s quite interesting you sure will enjoy.

Fertility in women

There is a period during the menstrual cycle that a woman becomes fertile. It’s a small window that lasts a few days, only during this special time will a woman get pregnant. This period or window is called ovulation. For fertilization to take place and result in pregnancy two conditions need to be met:

The female hormones have to be in the correct range for ovulation to occur and sexual intercourse should be practiced during this period.

The factors that influence fertility in women

  • Age

Only women in the menstrual age group can conceive and have babies. Depending on the environment and family history the menstrual age group ranges between the ages 10 to 50. During this active period the female body undergoes what is called the menstrual cycle which eventually stops when the menopause age is reached, at this point the body stops producing eggs and fertility ceases.

  • Ovulation

Every month your body produces and releases eggs for fertilization. This process is called ovulation and generally results in pregnancy if unprotected sexual intercourse is practiced during this period. During the menstrual cycle, your body releases one egg on the 14th day of each cycle, this egg hangs around in the fallopian tube for about 2hrs in hope that some sperm will meet it and complete the fertilization process, so if sperm is present during this time frame you may get pregnant.

You should be aware that sperm lives for 5 days in a woman’s body before it is absorbed. So sexual intercourse a couple of days before day 14 of the menstrual cycle could very well lead to pregnancy.

Understanding the Fertility Window

So we have established that when an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube, it can only survive for about 24hrs before it breaks up if not fertilized. We also talked about the sperm surviving period which is around 5 days. So from these time frames, we can draw up a fertility window. It is within this window that you are most likely to get pregnant.

The fertility window begins 5 days before day 14 of the menstrual cycle, if you do your math right you will figure this to be around the 9th day of your cycle. The fertility window lasts up to a day after ovulation which is day 15 of the menstrual cycle.

In summary, you are most fertile between your 9th day and 15th days of the cycle. If you are trying to get pregnant the most optimum days to have sexual intercourse would be from day 11 to 14 of the cycle. The highest rate of fertilization happens 4 to 6 hours after ovulation, so it’s important to know when you are ovulating which is what we will discuss next.


Identifying ovulation

The female body is very smart, it always gives away clues whenever there are hormonal changes. The key to identifying ovulation periods lies in noticing these tiny but relevant clues. It can be difficult at first but if you write down your body changes throughout the month you will notice a pattern forming. So in your little fertility dairy, mark 1 the day you have your first period of the month. Now pay attention to the changes in your body for the next 15 to days. Note down every change that your notice. Some of the changes to watch out for include:

  • Cervical fluid changes

When you are in your fertile zone you will notice clear and thin liquid being discharged from your vagina. This liquid stretches between the fingers.

  • Body temperature

Take note of your body temperature every morning before getting up. Around your ovulation period, the temperature drops sharply before rising once more after ovulation. If you take your temperature every day for a couple of months your will easily notice the change.

  • Attractive Scent

Around the ovulation period, the hormones in your body influence a special scent that causes your partner to be overly attracted to you sexually.

  • Physical symptoms

Physical signs like cramps, headaches, and back pain develop during ovulation. These are not consistent with all women.

  • Mood changes

The hormone changes during ovulation influence some mood swings. Some people tend to feel tired, depressed, happy or energetic, it all depends on the chemical composition of your body. The most common mood change happens around the days leading to day 14 of the cycle, during this period most women tend to feel sexy, aroused and drawn to their partner. It is during this period that your feel the most energetic and get the desire to have sex more often as compared to other days of the monthly.

  • Home fertility testing

If you are desperately trying to get pregnant you can get a small home kit that helps you predict your fertility periods. This kit works by measuring a hormone called the luteinizing hormone, a hormone that triggers ovulation.

Increasing the chances of Conception

Increasing your chances of getting pregnant lies in understanding what fertility means, a concept which you now understand fully. If you are trying to get pregnant, try to maximize your chances by engaging in sexual activities during the fertile window ( days 9 to 14) If you abstain from all sexual activity the days leading to this period, the sperm content will build up in your partner leading to better chances of successful fertilization when you ovulate.


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