Ultimate guide to Nausea

Ultimate guide to Nausea
October 26 17:11 2016

Nausea is one symptom that is very common in the medical field, people often ignore it until it becomes too uncomfortable or vomiting is involved. Pregnant women experience nausea during the first and second trimesters, it is one of the early signs of pregnancy although not constant to all women. It is important to understand nausea, its consequences and how to manage it. Rarely, nausea can lead to serious vomiting and dehydration especially in pregnant women, it is therefore important to know how deal with it, which is what this article will help you achieve.

 

Understanding Nausea

In order for you to be able to manage nausea and its related signs, the first thing to know is what nausea is, how it happens and its effects on your body. By definition, nausea is a feeling you get in your stomach, it will seem like your stomach is uneasy and unsettled as if you are going to vomit but without vomiting. Often, nausea precedes vomiting but one can have nausea without actually vomiting. Many people confuse nausea and vomiting, vomiting is the act of throwing up the contents of the stomach through the mouth, and it is a reflex that cannot be controlled once put in action. Vomiting can be voluntary or involuntary but it is often signaled by nausea.

Both nausea and vomiting are very common symptoms and can be caused by a wide range of factors. They occur in both children and adults, although they are probably most common in pregnant women and people undergoing cancer treatments.

 

Common causes of Nausea

Nausea has many causes, which should be closely investigated to eliminate the most risky ones like cancer and food poisoning. Some of the most common causes of nausea are intense pain caused by an injury or illness and the first trimester of pregnancy. Other common causes of nausea include:

  • Motion sickness
  • Emotional stress
  • Indigestion
  • Food poisoning
  • Viruses and Bacterial Infections
  • Exposure to chemical toxins

For some people there are certain smells and odors that bring about the feeling of nausea, especially in pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Pregnancy-induced nausea usually disappears by the second to the third trimester.

 

Nausea During Periods

There are women who experience nausea their period, which can develop to vomiting, accompanied by constipation and some diarrhea. This doesn’t happen with every woman but when it does happen it can be very uncomfortable and irritating to say the least. Nausea most commonly appears during period as part of the symptoms for a condition called dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is caused by the production of prostaglandins during the menstrual cycle that cause the uterus walls to contract and induce period pains, headaches, nausea, and vomiting.

Another cause of nausea during period is endometriosis. Endometriosis is a gynecological condition in which the endometrium grows outside of the uterus. The cells that make up the endometrium grow in large numbers and line both the abdominal and uterine cavities. Endometriosis can cause nausea during periods but is not the primary cause of the nausea; there are other signs of endometriosis, which include bloating, diarrhea, rectal pain, and abdominal cramping.nausea-flowers-12

Another cause of nausea during periods can be Vitamin B deficiency due to blood loss and the body working hard to reproduce the lost blood.

 

In most women, nausea begins early on during the Menstrual Cycle Stages particularly in the luteal stage. Luteal stage includes ovulating and has a strong nausea component. However, this nausea could also be caused by excess stomach acid that comes from the changes and imbalance in hormones during the menstrual cycle. There are other possible causes of nausea during periods include migraine headaches and premenstrual syndrome.

Premenstrual syndrome generally happens just before a woman’s period and includes a whole lots of other symptoms such as sore breasts, headaches, sugar cravings, bloating, stress, anxiety, acne, back and thigh pain, diarrhea, fatigue and constipation. High levels of estrogen and progesterone cause the Premenstrual syndrome in the early stages of the menstrual cycle prior to the period.

The other cause of period nausea is migraine headaches that can affect some women prior to their period just after ovulation. Since nausea typically accompanies migraines even outside of periods, the hormonal changes during periods make the symptom even more difficult to handle.

Young girls who get their period for the very first time tend to experience the severe nausea, which reduces, as they grow older and get accustomed to the hormonal changes and imbalances.

 

Remedies to manage nausea during periods

Now that we know the different of reasons that can lead to nausea during a woman’s period, let us look at some tips and remedies to help you manage the symptom. 

  • Pain medication

If the nausea is caused by pain then relieving the pain can very well manage the nausea. There are over the counter medications that can be used to stop the pain and therefore get rid of the nausea. Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs are the most commonly used, you can also try using ibuprofen as it has proved to be very helpful in easing period pain.

  • Ginger

Ginger can be made into a tea, ground up, or even sucked as a crystal to relief many symptoms including period pain and nausea. It is one of the best remedies for menstrual cycle nausea in the sense that it is readily available and easy to find.

  • Antacids

These can relieve nausea if it is caused by excess acid in the stomach, which happens at times during the menstrual cycle.

  • Mint tea

Mint tea is another common herb that can be used not only to treat menstrual period but any general cause of nausea. People that under go cancer treatment can also use mint tea to control nausea resulting form the treatment.

To use mint tea, mint leaves are boiled in clean water, left to steep for about 5 minutes then add lemon and honey to sweeten. It is the menthol in the mint is the active ingredient that cures nausea.

  • Warm milk

Some people use warm milk with ground cinnamon to treat nausea regardless of its cause.

  • Lemon

Adding lemon or lime to a glass of water can cure vomiting and curb nausea.

 

 

Nausea during pregnancy

Nausea during pregnancy is a common phenomenon that is often referred to as morning sickness. By being called morning sickness it does not necessarily mean a pregnant woman only experiences nausea in the mornings, in fact, some women experience nausea throughout the day during early pregnancy while some experience it whenever it is triggered by particular foods regardless of the time of the day.

Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy happened to almost 75% of the pregnant women, with only about half of these experiencing nausea alone and the other half going up to vomiting. The symptoms start around the 4th to the 6th week of pregnancy and stretch out through the first trimester, and in some women through to the second trimester.

 

1. What causes nausea and vomiting during pregnancy?

The cause of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is attributed to the growing baby, uterus and the hormonal changes. There is a hormone called the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) that rises during early pregnancy, it is responsible for maintaining the pregnancy but as it gets to its peak many women begin to experience intense feelings of nausea.

Another hormone that rises during pregnancy is estrogen. Just like the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone, estrogen causes heightened nausea and possibly vomiting in other women.

pregnancy-flowers-3

The body changes during early pregnancy provoke an enhanced sense of smell and sensitivity to odors. As such, newly pregnant women will be overly sensitive to some food smells, which will bring about the feeling of nausea. This is the reason why many health practitioners recommend keeping track of what causes you to feel nauseous during pregnancy and stay clear of those kinds of foods to avoid excess vomiting.

Some women’s gastrointestinal tracts are simply more sensitive to the changes of early pregnancy. This sensitivity comes into effect whenever you eat certain types of food that on a normal day would be ok and not provoke anything but bring about nausea during pregnancy. In some women these foods can down right lead to vomiting.

Stress during pregnancy is another well-known factor of nausea. There are so many reasons why a woman would get stresses and worked out during pregnancy. It could be the progression of the baby or the emotional changes that are influenced by hormonal changes.

 

2. Can nausea during pregnancy affect your baby?

Mild to moderate nausea and occasional vomiting from morning sickness will not affect your baby or put its life in danger, as long as you remain hydrated and eating well your baby is in the clear.

However, if the nausea is uncontrolled and causes you not to eat healthy by you avoiding eating or eating non recommended foods your baby’s well being including yours will indeed be at risk. Also uncontrolled nausea lead to vomiting, another dangerous condition if unmanaged as it can easily lead to dehydration, which is very bad for you the mother and the unborn baby.

In most cases of uncontrolled nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, the mother will loss weight, become malnutrition and dehydrated. For such cases it is imperative that you take vitamin supplements to compensate for the loss of nutrients.

Severe and prolonged vomiting can be a great risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and newborns that are small for their gestational age. So it is important to manage it well for the sake of your unborn child.

 

3. Common useful tips on relieving nausea and vomiting during pregnancy

Women who have severe cases of nausea and or vomiting during cases should try to find ways of managing the symptoms so they do not affect their pregnancy or well-being. It is difficult finding the right herbs and medication to help with this, as you have to be careful what you take in during pregnancy. Here are some helpful tips that have worked for other women in the past, you can try some and see what works for you.

  • Smaller and frequent meals

Eating smaller but frequent meals throughout the day can help in making sure that your stomach is never empty. You do not eat too much to provoke nausea and you do not eat too little to starve yourself, instead you maintain a good number of small meals and healthy snack throughout the day. Medical practitioners recommend eating meals rich in high-protein and carbohydrates and supplementing with prenatal vitamins.

It is also recommended that you try to avoid lying down after eating as it can slow down digestion and lead to vomiting of all the food before it is even absorbed by your bopregnancy-flowers-6dy. If it really happens that you have to lie down, sleep on your right side instead of your left.

  • Avoiding your foods that trigger nausea

Try to avoid foods and smells that trigger your nausea. Only you can know what affects you and what doesn’t, if you keep track of the foods that trigger your symptoms you can substitute with other food staffs that offer the same nutritional value. Spicy, acidic and fried foods tend to be the major culprits in irritating the digestive system, so avoiding such food would be a good place to start.

  • Fluid up take

Hydrating well is very important during pregnancy especially for those women who are facing severe nausea and vomiting issues. Try drinking lots of water and fruit juice in between meals and whenever you can. If you find it difficult to keep down the fluids, try squeezing a little lemon into your drinking water as it helps ease nausea and vomiting.

A good way to keep track of your hydration state is to look at the color of your urine. Deep yellow and concentrated urine means that you should add more fluids.

  • Natural remedies

There are natural remedies and herbs that are safe for use during pregnancy. Herbs like ginger can very useful in curbing nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Ginger allows the stomach to settle and relieves queasiness. You can find ginger in many forms at a local supermarket or market. Generally fresh ginger is the most effective as it can be used to make ginger tea or mixed with other foods. Some people prefers to use crystallized ginger and powdered ginger, it all depends on your preferences and tolerances.

Mint and peppermint tea also have the same effects as that of ginger, if you are finding it hard to tolerate ginger you can substitute it with mint tea.

 

4. When should you consult with a doctor or medical personnel?

If you are among those women who experience severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, you should seek medical advice if you:

  • Lose a considerable amount of weight in place of gaining weight
  • Did not have nausea in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy but then develop nausea and vomiting after your ninth week of pregnancy
  • Experience nausea and vomiting into your fifth month of pregnancy
  • There is blood in your vomit
  • Have signs of dehydration, such as dark-colored urine or infrequent urination

 

Chronic and persistent nausea

 Chronic nausea is a something that should not go unchecked by a qualified medical person, as it can very well be a sign of a number of medical conditions. If untreated, persistent nausea can cause neuromuscular problems of the stomach. Common causes of chronic nausea include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Infections
  • Visceral disease
  • Cancer treatments
  • Toxic substance effects
  • Allergies
  • Metabolic conditions
  • Stress disorders
  • Central nervous system diseases
  • Psychiatric illness

 

The most important thing is to assess the state of a person with chronic nausea and take action if they show any of the following signs:

  • Poor nutritional state
  • Dehydration
  • Electrolyte imbalance

The management of chronic nausea depends on the underlying cause and state of severity. If there is vomiting involved then the first course of action should be to achieve maximum rehydration before exploring the cause of the condition.

 

Nausea after sex

It may seem odd or unbelievable but there are some women out there who feel nausea after engaging in sexual intercourse. There are a number of reasons why you could feel nauseated after sex and these include:

  1. Over stimulation of the cervix during sex

Sometimes your partner’s penis can over stimulate your cervix when he hits too hard or too fats, this stimulation of the cervix can cause a woman to feel nauseous. You can tell if this is what is causing your nausea after sex by paying attention to what happens during sex. If you feel any sharp impacts during sex then it means he is hitting on your cervix and that is what is causing you to fee nauseated. The perfect solution would be for him to not hit at your cervix by moving in more slowly and not penetrating deeply. There are some positions that you could use to minimize his penetration and prevent him from over stimulating your cervix.

  1. Infections of the reproductive system

It is possible that you may be suffering from some kind of infection that can only be confirmed by a visit to the doctor.

  1. Breathing during sex

Some women hold their breath while they’re having sex. This could cause feelings of nausea during sex. It is important that you breath well during sex, actually deep breaths bring about even better orgasms.

  1. Surge in endomorphines

Some women feel nauseous when they have an orgasm. During an orgasm, some chemicals called endomorphines are realized into the blood stream, which can make you feel a little sick. If the nausea actually leads to vomiting then its best to consult a doctor.

  1. Pressure and abdominal motion

The weight of your partner on your abdomen or the movement during sex can cause you to feel nauseous. You can check this buy taking note of when you get the feeling of nausea, if you do not get it when you masturbate or during oral sex but get it you’re your partner is on top of you then you have your cause. Changing sexual positions and reducing rough movements during sex can easily solve this issue.

 

pregnancy-flowers-7

 

 

  Article "tagged" as: